Extreme service conditions and heavy pollution such as encountered in industrial, desert, or coastal environments can lead to electrical activity on insulators in the form of high leakage currents. The polluted surface of an insulator operating in such regions can then lead to ﬂashover and ultimately to outages. At the same time, power networks worldwide are striving to avoid such blackouts as well as any frequent shutdowns of lines due to maintenance activities such as washing. While the majority of insulators currently in use on transmission and distribution networks worldwide are porcelain, the use of polymeric composite insulators has been increasing rapidly. A combination of these technologies has now emerged as a new class of insulator – the hybrid – combining known advantages of a porcelain core such as mechanical strength, stability, and longevity with the excellent performance of silicone housings in highly contaminated service conditions. Until recently, there was no standarddeﬁning classiﬁcation and testing methodology for hybrid insulators and this resulted in manufacturers creating their own classification and test methods with both good and bad solutions. Fortunately, a new IEC standard provides definitions, test methods, and acceptance criteria for hybrid insulators for AC and DC applications. This paper and presentation reviews R&D work, as well as field application experience over the past 15 years with medium voltage hybrid insulators, conducted.
Learn more about the medium voltage hybrid insulators in the study prepared by Eduardo Hilsdorf, Sales Director PPC Insulators Santana, Brazil for the INMR conference.